Gang Awareness
The Risk Factors Impacting the Development of Gang Members

The following chart exemplifies the risk factors impacting the development of gang members and the protective factors that can be used to defeat them and transform students into exemplary leaders.

Risk Factors Impacting the Development of Gang Members   Protective Factors that Prevent Gang Membership and Develop Exemplary Student Leaders
At Home
  • Family is weak and divided
  • Family does not provide love and affection
  • Lack of rules and no discipline at home
  • Family is strong and united
  • Family provides love and support
  • Rules at home are clear and enforced in a timely, fair, and consistent manner.
Among Peers
  • Hate of self
  • Poor resistance skills
  • Criminal friends
  • No personal power
  • Dishonesty and broken promises
  • No responsibility
  • Student has strong self-esteem
  • Student resists negative peer pressure and dangerous
  • situations.
  • Student chooses good friends and engages in healthy activities.
  • Student has control over personal decisions.
  • Student is honest and keeps all of his or her promises.
  • Student shows responsible thinking and behavior
In the Community
  • Poverty is seen as a force that enslaves the human spirit.
  • Unemployment
  • Community is indifferent to youth
  • Negative adult role models
  • Destructive use of time
  • Poverty is transformed into an opportunity to struggle and liberate the human spirit.
  • Employment is sought and obtained
  • Community is supportive of youth
  • Parents and other adults provide positive role models
  • Constructive use of time
At School
  • No motivation to do well at school
  • No respect for the school
  • Reckless sexual behavior
  • No conflict resolution skills
  • No empathy for others
  • No respect for others
  • Future is seen as hopeless
  • Student is motivated to excel and graduate from high school
  • Student cares for and respects his or her school
  • Student shows restraint and respect for intimate friend and does not engage in pre-marital sex
  • Student seeks to resolve conflict non-violently
  • Student has empathy and appreciates the cultural, racial, and ethnic background of others
  • Student has respect for the feelings of others
  • Student is hopeful about his or her personal future

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